Nano Research

Article Title

Morphology-controlled transformation of Cu@Au core-shell nanowires into thermally stable Cu3Au intermetallic nanowires


intermetallic nanocrystal, shape control, nanowire, Cu−Au, stability


Multimetallic nanowires with long-range atomic ordering hold the promise of unique physicochemical properties in many applications. Here we demonstrate the synthesis and study the stability of Cu3Au intermetallic nanowires. The synthesis is achieved by using Cu@Au core−shell nanowires as precursors. With appropriate Cu/Au stoichiometry, the Cu@Au core−shell nanowires are transformed into fully ordered Cu3Au nanowires under thermal annealing. Thermally-driven atom diffusion accounts for this transformation as revealed by X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy studies. The twin boundaries abundant in the Cu@Au core−shell nanowires facilitate the ordering process. The resulting Cu3Au intermetallic nanowires have uniform and accurate atomic positioning in the crystal lattice, which enhances the nobility of Cu. No obvious copper oxides are observed in fully ordered Cu3Au nanowires after annealing in air at 200 oC, a temperature that is much higher than those observed in Cu@Au core−shell and pure Cu nanowires. This work opens up an opportunity for further research into the development and applications of intermetallic nanowires.

Graphical Abstract


Tsinghua University Press