Facile synthesis of Au embedded CuOx-CeO2 core/shell nanospheres as highly reactive and sinter-resistant catalysts for catalytic hydrogenation of p-nitrophenol
core/shell nanostructure, sinter-resistant catalysts, triphasic interfaces catalysis, p-nitrophenol reduction
Exploring cost-effective catalysts with high catalytic performance and long-term stability has always been a general concern for environment protection and energy conversion. Here, Au nanoparticles (NPs) embedded CuOx–CeO2 core/shell nanospheres (Au@CuOx–CeO2 CSNs) have been successfully prepared through a versatile one-pot method at ambient conditions. The spontaneous auto-redox reaction between HAuCl4 and Ce(OH)3 in aqueous solution triggered the self-assembly growth of micro-/ nanostructural Au@CuOx–CeO2 CSNs. Meanwhile, the CuOx clusters in Au@CuOx–CeO2 CSNs are capable of improving the anti-sintering ability of Au NPs and providing synergistic catalysis benefits. As a result, the confined Au NPs exhibited extraordinary thermal stability even at a harsh thermal condition up to 700 C. In addition, before and after the severe calcination process, Au@CuOx–CeO2 CSNs can exhibit enhanced catalytic activity and excellent recyclability towards the hydrogenation of p-nitrophenol compared to previously reported nanocatalysts. The synergistic catalysis path between Au/CuOx/CeO2 triphasic interfaces was revealed by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The CuOx clusters around the embedded Au NPs can provide moderate adsorption strength of p-nitrophenol, while the adjacent CeO2-supported Au NPs can facilitate the hydrogen dissociation to form H* species, which contributes to achieve the efficient reduction of p-nitrophenol. This study opens up new possibilities for developing high-efficient and sintering-resistant micro-/nanostructural nanocatalysts by exploiting multiphasic systems.
Tsinghua University Press
Ke Wu,Xin-Yu Wang,Ling-Ling Guo,Yue-Jiao Xu,Liang Zhou,Ze-Yu Lyu,Kang-Yu Liu,Rui Si,Ya-Wen Zhang,Ling-Dong Sun,Chun-Hua Yan, Facile synthesis of Au embedded CuOx-CeO2 core/shell nanospheres as highly reactive and sinter-resistant catalysts for catalytic hydrogenation of p-nitrophenol. NanoRes.2020, 13(8): 2044–2055