Phase boundary engineering of metal-organic-framework-derived carbonaceous nickel selenides for sodium-ion batteries
metal organic frameworks, phase boundary, carbon nanotube, metal selenides, sodium ion batteries
Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) are promising power sources due to the low cost and abundance of battery-grade sodium resources, while practical SIBs suffer from intrinsically sluggish diffusion kinetics and severe volume changes of electrode materials. Metalorganic framework (MOFs) derived carbonaceous metal compound offer promising applications in electrode materials due to their tailorable composition, nanostructure, chemical and physical properties. Here, we fabricated hierarchical MOF-derived carbonaceous nickel selenides with bi-phase composition for enhanced sodium storage capability. As MOF formation time increases, the pyrolyzed and selenized products gradually transform from a single-phase Ni3Se4 into bi-phase NiSex then single-phase NiSe2, with concomitant morphological evolution from solid spheres into hierarchical urchin-like yolk-shell structures. As SIBs anodes, bi-phase NiSex@C/CNT-10h (10 h of hydrothermal synthesis time) exhibits a high specific capacity of 387.1 mAh/g at 0.1 A/g, long cycling stability of 306.3 mAh/g at a moderately high current density of 1 A/g after 2,000 cycles. Computational simulation further proves the lattice mismatch at the phase boundary facilitates more interstitial space for sodium storage. Our understanding of the phase boundary engineering of transformed MOFs and their morphological evolution is conducive to fabricate novel composites/hybrids for applications in batteries, catalysis, sensors, and environmental remediation.
Tsinghua University Press
Shiyao Lu,Hu Wu,Jingwei Hou,Limin Liu,Jiao Li,Chris J. Harris,Cheng-Yen Lao,Yuzheng Guo,Kai Xi,Shujiang Ding,Guoxin Gao,Anthony K. Cheetham,R. Vasant Kumar, Phase boundary engineering of metal-organic-framework-derived carbonaceous nickel selenides for sodium-ion batteries. NanoRes.2020, 13(8): 2289–2298