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Nano Research

Article Title

Nanoscale resistive switching devices for memory and computing applications

Keywords

resistive switching, oxygen vacancy, metal cation, memory application, in-memory computing, bio-inspired application

Abstract

With the slowing down of the Moore’s law and fundamental limitations due to the von-Neumann bottleneck, continued improvements in computing hardware performance become increasingly more challenging. Resistive switching (RS) devices are being extensively studied as promising candidates for next generation memory and computing applications due to their fast switching speed, excellent endurance and retention, and scaling and three-dimensional (3D) stacking capability. In particular, RS devices offer the potential to natively emulate the functions and structures of synapses and neurons, allowing them to efficiently implement neural networks (NNs) and other in-memory computing systems for data intensive applications such as machine learning tasks. In this review, we will examine the mechanisms of RS effects and discuss recent progresses in the application of RS devices for memory, deep learning accelerator, and more faithful brain-inspired computing tasks. Challenges and possible solutions at the device, algorithm, and system levels will also be discussed.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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