Nano Research

Article Title

Fabricating Pd isolated single atom sites on C3N4/rGO for heterogenization of homogeneous catalysis


heterogenization of homogeneous catalysis, metal isolated single atoms, carbon nitride, reduced graphene oxide, monolith catalyst


Metal isolated single atomic sites catalysts have attracted intensive attention in recent years owing to their maximized atom utilization and unique structure. Despite the success of single atom catalyst synthesis, directly anchoring metal single atoms on three-dimensional (3D) macro support, which is promising to achieve the heterogenization of homogeneous catalysis, remains a challenge and a blank in this field. Herein, we successfully fabricate metal single atoms (Pd, Pt, Ru, Au) on porous carbon nitride/ reduced graphene oxide (C3N4/rGO) foam as highly efficient catalysts with convenient recyclability. C3N4/rGO foam features two-dimensional microstructures with abundant N chelating sites for the stabilization of metal single atoms and vertically-aligned hierarchical mesostructure that benefits the mass diffusion. The obtained Pd1/C3N4/rGO monolith catalyst exhibits much enhanced activity over its nanoparticle counterpart for Suzuki-Miyaura reaction. Moreover, the Pd1/C3N4/rGO monolith catalyst can be readily assembled in a flow reactor to achieve the highly efficient continuous production of 4-nitro-1,1'-biphenyl through Suzuki-Miyaura coupling.

Graphical Abstract


Tsinghua University Press