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Nano Research

Article Title

Quantitative analysis of the intertube coupling effect on the photoluminescence characteristics of distinct (n, m) carbon nanotubes dispersed in solution

Authors

Shilong Li, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China Department of Physical Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China Beijing Key Laboratory for Advanced Functional Materials and Structure Research, Beijing 100190, China
Dehua Yang, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China Department of Physical Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China Beijing Key Laboratory for Advanced Functional Materials and Structure Research, Beijing 100190, China
Jiaming Cui, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
Yanchun Wang, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China Beijing Key Laboratory for Advanced Functional Materials and Structure Research, Beijing 100190, China
Xiaojun Wei, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China Beijing Key Laboratory for Advanced Functional Materials and Structure Research, Beijing 100190, China Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory, Dongguan 523808, China
Weiya Zhou, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China Department of Physical Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China Beijing Key Laboratory for Advanced Functional Materials and Structure Research, Beijing 100190, China Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory, Dongguan 523808, China
Hiromichi Kataura, Nanomaterials Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba 305-8565, Japan
Sishen Xie, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China Department of Physical Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China Beijing Key Laboratory for Advanced Functional Materials and Structure Research, Beijing 100190, China Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory, Dongguan 523808, China
Huaping Liu, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China Center of Materials Science and Optoelectronics Engineering, College of Materials Science and Opto-Electronic Technology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China Department of Physical Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China Beijing Key Laboratory for Advanced Functional Materials and Structure Research, Beijing 100190, China Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory, Dongguan 523808, China

Keywords

single-wall carbon nanotubes, photoluminescence, intertube coupling, quantitative analysis

Abstract

In this work, we quantitatively studied the intertube coupling of different (n, m)-sorted semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) on their photoluminescence (PL) efficiencies by precisely tuning the ratio of (9, 4) and (6, 5) SWCNTs in the mixture. A significant decrease in the PL intensity of (9, 4) SWCNTs was observed after mixing with (6, 5) species when fixing the (9, 4) concentration, which was confirmed to be caused by the absorption of incident photons and reabsorption of the emitted photons by the added (6, 5) species. By contrast, a similar decrease in the PL intensity of (6, 5) SWCNTs was also observed after mixing with the larger-diameter (9, 4) species. Different from that of (9, 4) SWCNTs, the PL decrease of (6, 5) SWCNTs was found to originate not only from photon absorption and reabsorption by the (9, 4) species but also from one-way exciton energy transfer (EET) from the (6, 5) SWCNTs to the larger-diameter (9, 4) SWCNTs. Both the experimental results and numerical simulations further demonstrated that increasing the concentration of mixed (9, 4) SWCNTs would enhance the effects of photon absorption and reabsorption and EET on the PL intensity of (6, 5) SWCNTs quantified by the decrease ratio of the (6, 5) PL intensity. Meanwhile, the influence of EET was found to be always weaker than that of photon absorption and reabsorption. We proposed that the observed EET between isolated SWCNTs in a surfactant solution is derived from their proximity due to Brownian motion.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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