Quantitative analysis of the intertube coupling effect on the photoluminescence characteristics of distinct (n, m) carbon nanotubes dispersed in solution
single-wall carbon nanotubes, photoluminescence, intertube coupling, quantitative analysis
In this work, we quantitatively studied the intertube coupling of different (n, m)-sorted semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) on their photoluminescence (PL) efficiencies by precisely tuning the ratio of (9, 4) and (6, 5) SWCNTs in the mixture. A significant decrease in the PL intensity of (9, 4) SWCNTs was observed after mixing with (6, 5) species when fixing the (9, 4) concentration, which was confirmed to be caused by the absorption of incident photons and reabsorption of the emitted photons by the added (6, 5) species. By contrast, a similar decrease in the PL intensity of (6, 5) SWCNTs was also observed after mixing with the larger-diameter (9, 4) species. Different from that of (9, 4) SWCNTs, the PL decrease of (6, 5) SWCNTs was found to originate not only from photon absorption and reabsorption by the (9, 4) species but also from one-way exciton energy transfer (EET) from the (6, 5) SWCNTs to the larger-diameter (9, 4) SWCNTs. Both the experimental results and numerical simulations further demonstrated that increasing the concentration of mixed (9, 4) SWCNTs would enhance the effects of photon absorption and reabsorption and EET on the PL intensity of (6, 5) SWCNTs quantified by the decrease ratio of the (6, 5) PL intensity. Meanwhile, the influence of EET was found to be always weaker than that of photon absorption and reabsorption. We proposed that the observed EET between isolated SWCNTs in a surfactant solution is derived from their proximity due to Brownian motion.
Tsinghua University Press
Shilong Li,Dehua Yang,Jiaming Cui,Yanchun Wang,Xiaojun Wei,Weiya Zhou,Hiromichi Kataura,Sishen Xie,Huaping Liu, Quantitative analysis of the intertube coupling effect on the photoluminescence characteristics of distinct (n, m) carbon nanotubes dispersed in solution. NanoRes.2020, 13(4): 1149–1155