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Nano Research

Article Title

Surface and intrinsic contributions to extinction properties of ZnSe quantum dots

Keywords

quantum dots, ZnSe, extinction coefficient, surface state

Abstract

This work studies extinction properties of ZnSe quantum dots terminated with either Se-surface or Zn-surface (Se-ZnSe or Zn-ZnSe QDs). In addition to commonly observed photoluminescence quenching by anionic surface sites, Se-ZnSe QDs are found to show drastic signatures of Se-surface states in their UV–visible (Vis) absorption spectra. Similar to most QDs reported in literature, monodisperse Zn-ZnSe QDs show sharp absorption features and blue-shifted yet steep absorption edge respect to the bulk bandgap. However, for monodisperse Se-ZnSe QDs, all absorption features are smeared and a low-energy tail is identified to extend to an energy window below the bulk ZnSe bandgap. Along increasing their size, a cyclic growth of ZnSe QDs switches their surface from Zn-terminated to Se-terminated ones, which confirms that the specific absorption signatures are reproducibly repeated between those of two types of the QDs. Though the extinction coefficients per unit of Se-ZnSe QDs are always larger than those of Zn-ZnSe QDs with the same size, both of them approach the same bulk limit. In addition to contribution of the lattice, extinction coefficients per nanocrystal of Zn-ZnSe QDs show an exponential term against their sizes, which is expected for quantum-confinement enhancement of electron–hole wavefunction overlapping. For Se-ZnSe QDs, there is the third term identified for their extinction coefficients per nanocrystal, which is proportional to the square of size of the QDs and consistent with surface contribution.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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