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Nano Research

Article Title

Graphitic nanorings for super-long lifespan lithium-ion capacitors

Keywords

graphene quantum dots, carbon nanorings, catalytic graphitization, defects, lithium ion capacitors

Abstract

Porous graphitic carbon nanorings (PGCNs) are proposed by smart catalytic graphitization of nano-sized graphene quantum dots (GQDs). The as-prepared PGCNs show unique ring-like morphology with diameter around 10 nm, and demonstrate extraordinary mesoporous structure, controllable graphitization degree and highly defective nature. The mechanism from GQDs to PGCNs is proven to be a dissolution-precipitation process, undergoing the procedure of amorphous carbon, intermediate phase, graphitic carbon nanorings and graphitic carbon nanosheets. Further, the relationship between particles size of GQDs precursor and graphitization degree of PGCNs products is revealed. The unique microstructure implies PGCNs a broad prospect for energy storage application. When applied as negative electrode materials in dual-carbon lithium-ion capacitors, high energy density (77.6 Wh·kg−1) and super long lifespan (89.5% retention after 40,000 cycles at 5.0 A·g−1) are obtained. The energy density still maintains at 24.5 Wh·kg−1 even at the power density of 14.1 kW·kg−1, demonstrating excellent rate capability. The distinct microstructure of PGCNs together with the strategy for catalytic conversion from nanocarbon precursors to carbon nanorings opens a new window for carbon materials in electrochemical energy storage.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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