Nano Research

Article Title

High N-doped hierarchical porous carbon networks with expanded interlayers for efficient sodium storage


hierarchical porous carbon networks, high N doping, expanded interlayer spacing, anode, sodium-ion batteries


Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) have been attracting considerable attention as a promising candidate for large-scale energy storage because of the abundance and low-cost of sodium resources. However, lack of appropriate anode materials impedes further applications. Herein, a novel self-template strategy is designed to synthesize uniform flowerlike N-doped hierarchical porous carbon networks (NHPCN) with high content of N (15.31 at.%) assembled by ultrathin nanosheets via a self-synthesized single precursor and subsequent thermal annealing. Relying on the synergetic coordination of benzimidazole and 2-methylimidazole with metal ions to produce a flowerlike network, a self-formed single precursor can be harvested. Due to the structural and compositional advantages, including the high N doping, the expanded interlayer spacing, the ultrathin two-dimensional nano-sized subunits, and the three-dimensional porous network structure, these unique NHPCN flowers deliver ultrahigh reversible capacities of 453.7 mAh·g−1 at 0.1 A·g−1 and 242.5 mAh·g−1 at 1 A·g−1 for 2,500 cycles with exceptional rate capability of 5 A·g−1 with reversible capacities of 201.2 mAh·g−1. The greatly improved sodium storage performance of NHPCN confirms the importance of reasonable engineering and synthesis of hierarchical carbon with unique structures.

Graphical Abstract


Tsinghua University Press