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Nano Research

Article Title

Efficient hexane isomers separation in isoreticular bipyrazolate metal-organic frameworks: The role of pore functionalization

Keywords

adsorption, molecular sieving, nitrogen-donor ligands, gas separation, powder diffraction, variable-temperature pulse gas chromatography

Abstract

Hydrocarbons separation in petrochemical industries is a key, energy-consuming stage in the manufacture of high-quality added-value products—hence the need for more efficient materials and environmentally friendly methodologies to improve this process. In this context, we have studied the effect of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) pore functionalization in hexane isomers separation, isolating the robust isoreticular zinc(II) bipyrazolates Zn(BPZ), showing no pore decoration, Zn(Me2BPZ), the pores of which are decorated with apolar methyl groups, and Zn(BPZ(NH2)2), the spacers of which possess polar Lewis-basic functions (H2BPZ = 1H,1’H-4,4’-bipyrazole; H2Me2BPZ = 3,3’-dimethyl-1H,1’H-4,4’-bipyrazole; H2BPZ(NH2)2 = 3,5-diamino- 1H,1’H-4,4’-bipyrazole; DMF = dimethylformamide). After characterizing Zn(BPZ(NH2)2) as per its crystal structure and thermal behaviour, and all the three MOFs as per their textural properties, we investigated, from the experimental and computational points of view, the impact of the square one-dimensional channels decoration on the separation of the hexane isomers, demonstrating the relevance of pore constrictions in the resolution of the title alkanes mixture.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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