Exploring the synthesis conditions to control the morphology of gold-iron oxide heterostructures
nanoparticles, gold–iron oxide heterostructures, heterogeneous nucleation, epitaxial growth, HR-microscopy
Gold–iron oxide nano-heterostructures with a clear and well-defined morphology were prepared via a seed-assisted method. The synthesis process and the events of heterogeneous nucleation during the decomposition of the iron precursor were carefully studied in order to understand the mechanism of the reaction and to tailor the architecture of the fabricated heterostructures. When employing Au seeds of 3 and 5 nm, nanoparticles with a dimer-like morphology were produced due to the occurrence of a single iron oxide nucleation event. Otherwise, multi-nucleation events could be favored by two mechanisms: (i) by the incorporation of a reducing agent and the slowing down of the heating protocol, leading to a core–shell system; (ii) by the increase of the Au seed size to 8 nm, leading to a flower-like system. Further increase of the Au seed size to 12 nm using similar synthesis conditions promotes the homogeneous nucleation and growth of the iron oxide phase, without formation of heterostructures. An in-depth study was performed on the gold–iron oxide heterostructures to confirm the epitaxial growth of the oxide domain over the Au seed and to analyze the elemental distribution of the components within the heterostructures. Finally, it was found that the modification of the plasmonic properties of the Au nanoparticles are strongly influenced by the architecture of the heterostructure, with a more pronounced damping effect for the systems produced after multi-nucleation events.
Tsinghua University Press
Pablo Tancredi,Luelc Souza da Costa,Sebastian Calderon,Oscar Moscoso-Londoño,Leandro M. Socolovsky,Paulo J. Ferreira,Diego Muraca,Daniela Zanchet,Marcelo Knobel, Exploring the synthesis conditions to control the morphology of gold-iron oxide heterostructures. NanoRes.2019, 12(8): 1781–1788