Nano Research

Article Title

Bio-inspired angle-independent structural color films with anisotropic colloidal crystal array domains


structural color, colloidal crystal, graphene, angle-independent, pollen


Structural color materials with the property of angle-independence have attracted increasing interest in recent years because of their applications in various research fields. In this paper, inspired by the anisotropic lattice microstructure of the Parides sesostris butterfly, we present a novel angle-independent structural material by simply doping spinous pollen particles into the colloidal crystal arrays to interfere their self-assembling process. The resultant composited materials have anisotropic close-packed colloidal crystal domains around the spikes of the pollens. These differently oriented domains could reflect the light to a wide range of viewing angles, and thus imparted the composite materials with the same wide angle of structural colors. Attractively, the materials were endowed with light-controlled reversible structural color changing behavior by incorporating photothermal responsive graphene-tagged hydrogels. These features of the bioinspired angleindependent structural color materials showed their potential values in constructing intelligent sensors, anti-counterfeiting barcode labels, and so on.

Graphical Abstract


Tsinghua University Press