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Nano Research

Article Title

Co3O4 nanocage derived from metal-organic frameworks: An excellent cathode catalyst for rechargeable Li-O2 battery

Authors

Zhuoliang Jiang, State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing, Beijing Key Laboratory of biogas upgrading utilization, College of New Energy and Materials, China University of Petroleum-Beijing, Beijing 102249, China
Hui Sun, State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing, Beijing Key Laboratory of biogas upgrading utilization, College of New Energy and Materials, China University of Petroleum-Beijing, Beijing 102249, China
Wenke Shi, State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing, Beijing Key Laboratory of biogas upgrading utilization, College of New Energy and Materials, China University of Petroleum-Beijing, Beijing 102249, China
Tianhang Zhou, Eduard-Zintl-Institut für Anorganische und Physikalische Chemie, Technische Universitt, Darmstadt, Alarich-Weiss-Strasse 8, D-64287 Darmstadt, Germany
Jianyong Hu, State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing, Beijing Key Laboratory of biogas upgrading utilization, College of New Energy and Materials, China University of Petroleum-Beijing, Beijing 102249, China
Jingyang Cheng, State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing, Beijing Key Laboratory of biogas upgrading utilization, College of New Energy and Materials, China University of Petroleum-Beijing, Beijing 102249, China
Pengfei Hu, State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing, Beijing Key Laboratory of biogas upgrading utilization, College of New Energy and Materials, China University of Petroleum-Beijing, Beijing 102249, China
Shigang Sun, State Key Lab of PCOSS, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China

Keywords

Li-O2 batteries, metal-organic framework (MOF)-derived, Co3O4 nanocage, Co3O4 polyhedron, Co3O4 particle

Abstract

Rechargeable non-aqueous Li-O2 battery is regarded as one of the most promising energy-storage technologies on account of its high energy density. It is believed that the rational design of three-dimensional (3D) architecture for catalyst is a key factor for the remarkable performance. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) derived materials possess excellent architecture, which is beneficial for Li-O2 batteries. In this work, ZIF-67 is used as precursor template and calcinated under different temperature to produce Co3O4 crystals. When the anneal treatment is under 350 °C, the derived Co3O4 nanocage holds the most complete skeleton, which provides better charge transfer ability as well as O2 and Li+ diffusion. Meanwhile, the Co3O4 nanocage owns more oxygen vacancies, offering more active sites. With the synergistic effect of nanocage structure and active sites, the Co3O4 nanocage stably delivers a large specific capacity of 15,500 mAh·g−1 as well as a long cycle-life of 132 cycles at limited discharge capacity of 1,000 mAh·g−1 under discharge/charge current density of 0.5 A·g−1.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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