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Nano Research

Article Title

Reproducible large-scale synthesis of surface silanized nanoparticles as an enabling nanoproteomics platform: Enrichment of the human heart phosphoproteome

Keywords

nanoparticles, nanoproteomics, surface functionalization, large-scale, phosphoprotein enrichment, top-down proteomics, mass spectrometry

Abstract

A reproducible synthetic strategy was developed for facile large-scale (200 mg) synthesis of surface silanized magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles (NPs) for biological applications. After further coupling a phosphate-specific affinity ligand, these functionalized magnetic NPs were used for the highly specific enrichment of phosphoproteins from a complex biological mixture. Moreover, correlating the surface silane density of the silanized magnetite NPs to their resultant enrichment performance established a simple and reliable quality assurance control to ensure reproducible synthesis of these NPs routinely in large scale and optimal phosphoprotein enrichment performance from batch-to-batch. Furthermore, by successful exploitation of a top-down phosphoproteomics strategy that integrates this high throughput nanoproteomics platform with online liquid chromatography (LC) and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS), we were able to specifically enrich, identify, and characterize endogenous phosphoproteins from highly complex human cardiac tissue homogenate. This nanoproteomics platform possesses a unique combination of scalability, specificity, reproducibility, and efficiency for the capture and enrichment of low abundance proteins in general, thereby enabling downstream proteomics applications.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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