Nitrogen-carbon layer coated nickel nanoparticles for efficient electrocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide
CO2 reduction, nickel nanoparticle, nitrogen-carbon layer, electrocatalytic activity, desity functional theory (DFT) calculation
The application of nickel in electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 has been largely restricted by side reaction (hydrogen evolution reaction) and catalyst poisoning. Here we report a new strategy to improve the electrocatalytic performance of nickel for CO2 reduction by employing a nitrogen-carbon layer for nickel nanoparticles. Such a nickel electrocatalyst exhibits high Faradaic efficiency 97.5% at relatively low potential of −0.61 V for the conversion of CO2 to CO. Density functional theory calculation reveals that it is thermodynamically accomplishable for the reduction product CO to be removed from the catalyst surface, thus avoiding catalyst poisoning. Also, the catalyst renders hydrogen evolution reaction to be suppressed and hence reasonably improves catalytic performance.
Tsinghua University Press
Dongxing Tan,Chaonan Cui,Jinbiao Shi,Zhixun Luo,Bingxing Zhang,Xiuniang Tan,Buxing Han,Lirong Zheng,Jing Zhang,Jianling Zhang, Nitrogen-carbon layer coated nickel nanoparticles for efficient electrocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide. NanoRes.2019, 12(5): 1167–1172