Illumining phase transformation dynamics of vanadium oxide cathode by multimodal techniques under operando conditions
in-situ X-ray diffraction (XRD), in-situ Raman, electrochemical process, phase transformation
Subtle structural changes during electrochemical processes often relate to the degradation of electrode materials. Characterizing the minutevariations in complementary aspects such as crystal structure, chemical bonds, and electron/ion conductivity will give an in-depth understanding on the reaction mechanism of electrode materials, as well as revealing pathways for optimization. Here, vanadium pentoxide (V2O5), a typical cathode material suffering from severe capacity decay during cycling, is characterized by in-situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) and in-situ Raman spectroscopy combined with electrochemical tests. The phase transitions of V2O5 within the 0–1 Li/V ratio are characterized in detail. The V–O and V–V distances became more extended and shrank compared to the original ones after charge/discharge process, respectively. Combined with electrochemical tests, these variations are vital to the crystal structure cracking, which is linked with capacity fading. This work demonstrates that chemical bond changes between the transition metal and oxygen upon cycling serve as the origin of the capacity fading.
Tsinghua University Press
Guobin Zhang,Tengfei Xiong,Xuelei Pan,Yunlong Zhao,Mengyu Yan,Haining Zhang,Buke Wu,Kangning Zhao,Liqiang Mai, Illumining phase transformation dynamics of vanadium oxide cathode by multimodal techniques under operando conditions. NanoRes.2019, 12(4): 905–910