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Nano Research

Article Title

Rational design of phosphorus-doped cobalt sulfides electrocatalysts for hydrogen evolution

Keywords

hydrogen evolution reaction, electrocatalysts, water splitting, P doping, cobalt sulfide

Abstract

Moderate anionic doping is an effective approach to improve the performance of electrocatalysts toward hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) since it can adjust the electronic structure, active site, and phase. The reported studies mainly focus on designing P doped CoS2, while other phases of cobalt sulfide, such as Co1−xS and Co9S8 doped with P are rarely investigated for HER electrocatalysts. Herein, various cobalt sulfides (including CoS2/Co1−xS, Co1−xS, and Co9S8) doped with P are anchored on carbon cloth through a facile hydrothermal method. Among tested electrocatalysts, P doped Co1−xS exhibits excellent electrocatalytic performance with an overpotential of 110 and 165 mV (vs. RHE) for current densities of 10 and 100 mA·cm−2, respectively. Density functional theory calculations reveal that P doped Co1−xS possesses a smaller bandgap and more optimal hydrogen adsorption sites than pristine Co1−xS. This work initially investigates various cobalt sulfides doped with P and further gets insight into the activity improvement mechanism of P doping, which could guide the design of earth-abundant HER electrocatalysts for the “hydrogen economy”.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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