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Nano Research

Article Title

Large unsaturated room temperature negative magnetoresistance in graphene foam composite for wearable and flexible magnetoelectronics

Authors

Rizwan Ur Rehman Sagar, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Polymer Science and Technology, Guangdong Research Center for Interfacial Engineering of Functional Materials, Nanshan District Key Lab for Biopolymers and Safety Evaluation, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Devices and Systems of Ministry of Education and Guangdong Province, College of Optoelectronic Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University, Shenzhen 518055, China
Massimiliano Galluzzi, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Polymer Science and Technology, Guangdong Research Center for Interfacial Engineering of Functional Materials, Nanshan District Key Lab for Biopolymers and Safety Evaluation, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Nanobiomechanics, Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen 518055, China
Alberto García-Peas, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Polymer Science and Technology, Guangdong Research Center for Interfacial Engineering of Functional Materials, Nanshan District Key Lab for Biopolymers and Safety Evaluation, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Devices and Systems of Ministry of Education and Guangdong Province, College of Optoelectronic Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
Masroor Ahmad Bhat, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Polymer Science and Technology, Guangdong Research Center for Interfacial Engineering of Functional Materials, Nanshan District Key Lab for Biopolymers and Safety Evaluation, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Devices and Systems of Ministry of Education and Guangdong Province, College of Optoelectronic Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
Min Zhang, Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University, Shenzhen 518055, China
Florian J. Stadler, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Polymer Science and Technology, Guangdong Research Center for Interfacial Engineering of Functional Materials, Nanshan District Key Lab for Biopolymers and Safety Evaluation, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China

Keywords

chemical vapor deposition, graphene foam, negative magnetoresistance

Abstract

Room temperature positive magnetoresistance (PMR) in graphene is a conventional phenomenon but we observed large negative magnetoresistance (NMR) in GF/polydimethylsiloxane (GF/PDMS) at room temperature for the first time. The largest NMR ~ 35% was detected at 250 K, while PMR is observed below 200 K. Furthermore, PMR at all temperatures is observed in regular GF specimens, hence, NMR is the result of the infiltration with the electrically insulating polymer. Forward interference and wavefunction shrinkage model has been employed to understand the transport mechanism in GF/PDMS. A critical temperature ~ 224 K for switching between NMR and PMR is observed at the crystallization temperature of PDMS, suggesting a change in polymer chain conformation may be a major reason leading to NMR in GF/PDMS specimens thus role of mechanical properties of PDMS in NMR cannot be ignored and observed locally via specially resolved atomic force microscopy. In addition, storage modulus and heat flow study shows similar transition temperature (~ 200 K) of NMR to PMR and provide an evidence of mechanical stable specimens. As is known, large, tunable, and unsaturated NMR at room temperature is very useful for future facile practical shapeable magnetoelectronic devices.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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