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Nano Research

Article Title

Facile preparation of unique three-dimensional (3D) α-MnO2/MWCNTs macroporous hybrid as the high-performance cathode of rechargeable Li-O2 batteries

Keywords

α-MnO2/MWCNTs, lyophilization, specific capacity, cyclability, lithium-oxygen batteries

Abstract

Undoubtedly, there remains an urgent prerequisite to achieve significant advances in both the specific capacity and cyclability of Li-O2 batteries for their practical application. In this work, a series of unique three-dimensional (3D) α-MnO2/MWCNTs hybrids are successfully prepared using a facile lyophilization method and investigated as the cathode of Li-O2 batteries. Thereinto, cross-linked α-MnO2/MWCNTs nanocomposites are first synthesized via a modified chemical route. Results demonstrate that MnO2 nanorods in the nanocomposites have a length of 100–400 nm and a diameter ranging from 5 to 10 nm, and more attractively, the as-lyophilized 3D MnO2/MWCNTs hybrids is uniquely constructed with large amounts of interconnected macroporous channels. The Li-O2 battery with the 3D macroporous hybrid cathode that has a mass percentage of 50% of α-MnO2 delivers a high discharge specific capacity of 8,643 mAh·g−1 at 100 mA·g−1, and maintains over 90 cycles before the discharge voltage drops to 2.0 V under a controlled specific capacity of 1,000 mAh·g−1. It is observed that when being recharged, the product of toroidal Li2O2 particles disappears and electrode surfaces are well recovered, thus confirming a good reversibility. The excellent performance of Li-O2 battery with the 3D α-MnO2/MWCNTs macroporous hybrid cathode is ascribed to a synergistic combination between the unique macroporous architecture and highly efficient bi-functional α-MnO2/MWCNTs electrocatalyst.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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