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Nano Research

Article Title

Controllable emission bands and morphologies of high-quality CsPbX3 perovskite nanocrystals prepared in octane

Keywords

CsPbX3 quantum dots, nonpolar solvent, octane, controllable composition, controllable morphology, high quantum yield

Abstract

ABSTRACT Halide perovskite (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, or I) quantum dots have received increasing attention as novel colloidal nanocrystals (NCs). Accurate control of emission bands and NC morphologies are vital prerequisites for most CsPbX3 NC practical applications. Therefore, a facile method of synthesizing CsPbX3 (X = Cl, Br, or I) NCs in the nonpolar solvent octane was developed. The process was conducted in air at ~ 90 °C to synthesize high-quality CsPbX3 NCs showing 12–44 nm wide emission and high photoluminescence quantum yield, exceeding 90%. An in situ anion-exchange method was developed to tune CsPbX3 NC photoluminescence emission, using PbX2 dissolved in octane as the halide source. NC morphology was controlled by dissolving specific metal–organic salts in the precursor solution prior to nucleation, and nanocubes, nanodots, nanosheets, nanoplatelets, nanorods, and nanowires were obtained following the same general method providing a facile, versatile route to controlling CsPbX3 NC emission bands and morphologies, which will broaden the range of CsPbX3 NC practical applications.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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