Nano Research

Article Title

Molten-salt synthesis of porous La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O2.9 perovskite as an efficient electrocatalyst for oxygen evolution


iron-rich, perovskite, oxygen evolution reaction, energy storage and conversion, molten salt


ABSTRACT The development of an efficient and low-cost electrocatalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) via an eco-efficient route is a desirable, although challenging, outcome for overall water splitting. Herein, an iron-rich La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O2.9 (LSCF28) perovskite with an open porous topographic structure was developed as an electrocatalyst by a straightforward molten-salt synthesis approach. It was found that porosity correlates with both the iron content and the molten-salt approach. Benefiting from the large surface area, high activity of the porous internal surface, and the optimal electronic configuration of redox sites, this inexpensive material exhibits high performance with a large mass activity of 40.8 A·g–1 at a low overpotential of 0.345 V in 0.1 M KOH, surpassing the state-of-the-art precious metal IrO2 catalyst and other well-known perovskites, such as Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3 and SrCoO2.7. Our work illustrates that the moltensalt method is an effective route to generate porous structures in perovskite oxides, which is important for energy conversion and storage devices.

Graphical Abstract


Tsinghua University Press