Osiers-sprout-like heteroatom-doped carbon nanofibers as ultrastable anodes for lithium/sodium ion storage
doped carbon nanofibers, carbothermic reduction, anodes, lithium-ion batteries, sodium-ion batteries
ABSTRACT We report an in situ carbothermic reduction process to prepare osiers-sprout-like heteroatom-doped carbon nanofibers. The dosage of copper salts and a unique annealing process have a crucial effect on the development of this unique carbon structure. A systematic analysis is performed to elucidate the possible mechanism of synthesis of the carbon nanofibers decorated with carbon bubbles. As anodes for rechargeable lithium/sodium ion batteries, the heteroatom-doped nanofibers exhibit high reversible capacities and satisfactory long-term cycling stabilities. The osiers-sprout-like heteroatom-doped carbon nanofiber electrodes deliver an ultrastable cycling performance with reversible capacities of 480 and 160 mAh·g−1 for lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries after 900 cycles at a current density of 800 mA·g−1, respectively.
Tsinghua University Press
Hang Zhang,Guanhua Zhang,Zhiqin Li,Ke Qu,Huimin Shi,Qingfeng Zhang,Huigao Duan,Jianhui Jiang, Osiers-sprout-like heteroatom-doped carbon nanofibers as ultrastable anodes for lithium/sodium ion storage. NanoRes.2018, 11(7): 3791–3801