Investigation of black phosphorus as a nano-optical polarization element by polarized Raman spectroscopy
black phosphorus, polarizing optics, linear dichroism, birefringence, two-dimensional layered crystals
ABSTRACT Manipulating the polarization of light at the nanoscale is essential for the development of nano-optical devices. Owing to its corrugated honeycomb structure, two-dimensional (2D) layered black phosphorus (BP) exhibits outstanding in-plane optical anisotropy with distinct linear dichroism and optical birefringence in the visible region, which are superior characteristics for ultrathin polarizing optics. Herein, taking advantage of polarized Raman spectroscopy, we demonstrate that layered BP with a nanometer thickness can remarkably alter the polarization state of a linearly-polarized laser and behave as an ultrathin optical polarization element in a BP-Bi2Se3 stacking structure by inducing the exceptionally polarized Raman scattering of isotropic Bi2Se3. Our findings provide a promising alternative for designing novel polarization optics based on 2D anisotropic materials, which can be easily integrated in microsized all-optical and optoelectronic devices.
Tsinghua University Press
Nannan Mao,Shishu Zhang,Jinxiong Wu,Huihui Tian,Juanxia Wu,Hua Xu,Hailin Peng,Lianming Tong,Jin Zhang, Investigation of black phosphorus as a nano-optical polarization element by polarized Raman spectroscopy. NanoRes.2018, 11(6): 3154–3163