•  
  •  
 
Nano Research

Article Title

Deciphering active biocompatibility of iron oxide nanoparticles from their intrinsic antagonism

Authors

Lu Wang, Division of Physical Biology and Bioimaging Center, Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, CAS Key Laboratory of Interfacial Physics and Technology, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
Zejun Wang, Division of Physical Biology and Bioimaging Center, Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, CAS Key Laboratory of Interfacial Physics and Technology, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
Xiaoming Li, School of Life Science and Technology, Shanghai Tech University, Shanghai 201210, China
Yi Zhang, Division of Physical Biology and Bioimaging Center, Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, CAS Key Laboratory of Interfacial Physics and Technology, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
Min Yin, Division of Physical Biology and Bioimaging Center, Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, CAS Key Laboratory of Interfacial Physics and Technology, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
Jiang Li, Division of Physical Biology and Bioimaging Center, Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, CAS Key Laboratory of Interfacial Physics and Technology, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
Haiyun Song, Key Laboratory of Food Safety Research, Institute for Nutritional Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China
Jiye Shi, Division of Physical Biology and Bioimaging Center, Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, CAS Key Laboratory of Interfacial Physics and Technology, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China UCB Pharma, 208 Bath Road, Slough, SL1 3WE, UK
Daishun Ling, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
Lihua Wang, Division of Physical Biology and Bioimaging Center, Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, CAS Key Laboratory of Interfacial Physics and Technology, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
Nan Chen, Division of Physical Biology and Bioimaging Center, Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, CAS Key Laboratory of Interfacial Physics and Technology, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
Chunhai Fan, Division of Physical Biology and Bioimaging Center, Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, CAS Key Laboratory of Interfacial Physics and Technology, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China School of Life Science and Technology, Shanghai Tech University, Shanghai 201210, China

Keywords

catalase-like activity, iron oxide nanoparticles, autophagy, cytotoxicity, reactive oxygen species

Abstract

ABSTRACT Magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4 NPs) are a well proven biocompatible nanomaterial, which hold great promise in various biomedical applications. Interestingly, unlike conventional biocompatible materials (e.g., polyethylene glycol (PEG)) that are chemically and biologically inert in nature, Fe3O4 NPs are known to be catalytically active and exhibit prominent physiological effects. Herein, we report an “active”, dynamic equilibrium mechanism for maintaining the cellular amenity of Fe3O4 NPs. We examined the effects of two types of iron oxide (magnetite and hematite) NPs in rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells and found that both induced stress responses. However, only Fe2O3 NPs caused significant programmed cell death; whereas Fe3O4 NPs are amenable to cells. We found that intrinsic catalase-like activity of Fe3O4 NPs antagonized the accumulation of toxic reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced by themselves, and thereby modulated the extent of cellular oxidative stress, autophagic activity, and programmed cell death. In line with this observation, we effectively reversed severe autophagy and cell death caused by Fe2O3 NPs via co-treatment with natural catalase. This study not only deciphers the distinct intrinsic antagonism of Fe3O4 NPs, but opens new routes to designing biocompatible theranostic nanoparticles with novel mechanisms.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

Share

COinS