Electrical contacts in monolayer blue phosphorene devices
monolayer blue phosphorene, interface property, Schottky barrier, field-effect transistor, density functional theory, quantum transport simulation
ABSTRACT Semiconducting monolayer (ML) blue phosphorene (BlueP) shares similar stability with ML black phosphorene (BP), and it has recently been grown on an Au surface. Potential ML BlueP devices often require direct contact with metal to enable the injection of carriers. Using ab initio electronic structure calculations and quantum transport simulations, for the first time, we perform a systematic study of the interfacial properties of ML BlueP in contact with metals spanning a wide work function range in a field effect transistor (FET) configuration. ML BlueP has undergone metallization owing to strong interaction with five metals. There is a strong Fermi level pinning (FLP) in the ML BlueP FETs due to the metal-induced gap states (MIGS) with a pinning factor of 0.42. ML BlueP forms n-type Schottky contact with Sc, Ag, and Pt electrodes with electron Schottky barrier heights (SBHs) of 0.22, 0.22, and 0.80 eV, respectively, and p-type Schottky contact with Au and Pd electrodes with hole SBHs of 0.61 and 0.79 eV, respectively. The MIGS are eliminated by inserting graphene between ML BlueP and the metal electrode, accompanied by a transition from a strong FLP to a weak FLP. Our study not only provides insight into the ML BlueP–metal interfaces, but also helps in the design of ML BlueP devices.
Tsinghua University Press
Jingzhen Li,Xiaotian Sun,Chengyong Xu,Xiuying Zhang,Yuanyuan Pan,Meng Ye,Zhigang Song,Ruge Quhe,Yangyang Wang,Han Zhang,Ying Guo,Jinbo Yang,Feng Pan,Jing Lu, Electrical contacts in monolayer blue phosphorene devices. NanoRes.2018, 11(4): 1834–1849