How G-quadruplex topology and loop sequences affect optical properties of DNA-templated silver nanoclusters
silver nanoclusters, G-quadruplex, topology, loop sequence
ABSTRACT In the study of the fabrication of DNA-templated silver nanoclusters (DNA-Ag NCs), how templates affect the fluorescence of the nanoclusters remains unclear, and it has been a challenge to understand the correlation between the properties of the DNA template and the Ag NCs. In this respect, based on the rational design of a series of structurally defined intramolecular G-quadruplexes, we prepared G-quadruplex-templated Ag NCs with a defined G-tetrad-to-silver ratio of 1:2. We evaluated the effect of G-quadruplex topology and loop sequences on the fluorescence of DNA-Ag NCs using circular dichroism, and extinction and emission spectroscopy. G-quadruplex templates with an anti-parallel topology were found to produce Ag NCs with stronger fluorescence compared with parallel and hybrid configurations. Loop bases adjacent to G-tetrads have a more significant impact on the fluorescence of Ag NCs compared with those in the middle of the loop, with adenine largely exhibiting an enhancement effect and thymine being detrimental. Generally, G-quadruplexes having an anti-parallel topology with adenine in the loop adjacent to the G-tetrad would be good templates for producing highly fluorescent Ag NCs. This is the first study to focus on the correlation between G-quadruplex topology/sequence and the optical properties of Ag NCs. We hope that the results of this study will facilitate a more in-depth understanding of correlation between G-quadruplex templates and Ag NCs, and help to understand and utilize their unique attributes.
Tsinghua University Press
Guangyu Tao,Yang Chen,Ruoyun Lin,Jiang Zhou,Xiaojing Pei,Feng Liu,Na Li, How G-quadruplex topology and loop sequences affect optical properties of DNA-templated silver nanoclusters. NanoRes.2018, 11(4): 2237–2247