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Nano Research

Article Title

Chemically doped macroscopic graphene fibers with significantly enhanced thermoelectric properties

Authors

Weigang Ma, Key Laboratory for Thermal Science and Power Engineering of Ministry of Education, Department of Engineering Mechanics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Yingjun Liu, MOE Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Synthesis and Functionalization, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Key Laboratory of Adsorption and Separation Materials & Technologies of Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
Shen Yan, Key Laboratory for Thermal Science and Power Engineering of Ministry of Education, Department of Engineering Mechanics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China Department of Thermal Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Tingting Miao, Key Laboratory of Process Fluid Filtration and Separation, College of Mechanical and Transportation Engineering, China University of Petroleum-Beijing, Beijing 102249, China
Shaoyi Shi, Key Laboratory for Thermal Science and Power Engineering of Ministry of Education, Department of Engineering Mechanics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Zhen Xu, MOE Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Synthesis and Functionalization, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Key Laboratory of Adsorption and Separation Materials & Technologies of Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
Xing Zhang, Key Laboratory for Thermal Science and Power Engineering of Ministry of Education, Department of Engineering Mechanics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Chao Gao, MOE Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Synthesis and Functionalization, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Key Laboratory of Adsorption and Separation Materials & Technologies of Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China

Keywords

macroscopic graphene fiber, bromine doping, thermoelectric properties, thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity, Seebeck coefficient

Abstract

ABSTRACT Flexible wearable electronics, when combined with outstanding thermoelectric properties, are promising candidates for future energy harvesting systems. Graphene and its macroscopic assemblies (e.g., graphene-based fibers and films) have thus been the subject of numerous studies because of their extraordinary electrical and mechanical properties. However, these assemblies have not been considered suitable for thermoelectric applications owing to their high intrinsic thermal conductivity. In this study, bromine doping is demonstrated to be an effective method for significantly enhancing the thermoelectric properties of graphene fibers. Doping enhances phonon scattering due to the increased defects and thus decreases the thermal conductivity, while the electrical conductivity and Seebeck coefficient are increased by the Fermi level downshift. As a result, the maximum figure of merit is 2.76 × 10–3, which is approximately four orders of magnitude larger than that of the undoped fibers throughout the temperature range. Moreover, the room temperature power factor is shown to increase up to 624 μW·m–1·K–2, which is higher than that of any other material solely composed of carbon nanotubes and graphene. The enhanced thermoelectric properties indicate the promising potential for graphene fibers in wearable energy harvesting systems.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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