Three-layer phosphorene-metal interfaces
three-layer phosphorene, interfacial properties, Schottky barrier height, density functional theory, quantum transport simulation
ABSTRACT Phosphorene has attracted much attention recently as an alternative channel material in nanoscale electronic and optoelectronic devices due to its high carrier mobility and tunable direct bandgap. Compared with monolayer (ML) phosphorene, few-layer (FL) phosphorene is easier to prepare, is more stable in experiments, and is expected to form a smaller Schottky barrier height (SBH) at the phosphorene-metal interface. Using ab initio electronic structure calculations and quantum transport simulations, we perform a systematic study of the interfacial properties of three-layer (3L) phosphorene field effect transistors (FETs) contacted with several common metals (Al, Ag, Au, Cu, Ti, Cr, Ni, and Pd) for the first time. The SBHs obtained in the vertical direction from projecting the band structures of the 3L phosphorene-metal systems to the left bilayer (2L) phosphorenes are comparable with those obtained in the lateral direction from the quantum transport simulations for 2L phosphorene FETs. The quantum transport simulations for the 3L phosphorene FETs show that 3L phosphorene forms n-type Schottky contacts with electron SBHs of 0.16 and 0.28 eV in the lateral direction, when Ag and Cu are used as electrodes, respectively, and p-type Schottky contacts with hole SBHs of 0.05, 0.11, 0.20, 0.30, 0.30, and 0.31 eV in the lateral direction when Cr, Pd, Ni, Ti, Al, and Au are used as electrodes, respectively. The calculated polarity and SBHs of the 3L phosphorene FETs are generally in agreement with the available experiments.
Tsinghua University Press
Xiuying Zhang,Yuanyuan Pan,Meng Ye,Ruge Quhe,Yangyang Wang,Ying Guo,Han Zhang,Yang Dan,Zhigang Song,Jingzhen Li,Jinbo Yang,Wanlin Guo,Jing Lu, Three-layer phosphorene-metal interfaces. NanoRes.2018, 11(2): 707–721