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Nano Research

Article Title

Metal-organic framework-derived, Zn-doped porous carbon polyhedra with enhanced activity as bifunctional catalysts for rechargeable zinc-air batteries

Keywords

Zn-doped Co-MOF, porous carbon polyhedra, oxygen reduction reaction, oxygen evolution reaction, zinc-air batteries

Abstract

ABSTRACT Zinc-air batteries have recently attracted considerable interest owing to the larger storage capacity and lower cost compared to their lithium-ion counterparts. Electrode catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) play a critical role in the operation of rechargeable zinc-air batteries. Herein, we report a simple and scalable strategy to fabricate porous carbon polyhedra using Zn-doped Co-based zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZnCo-ZIFs) as precursors. Strikingly, Zn doping leads to smaller Co nanoparticles and higher nitrogen content, which in turn enhances the ORR and OER activities of the obtained porous carbon polyhedra. The synergistic effect of the N-doped carbon and cobalt nanoparticles in the composite, the improved conductivity resulting from the high graphitization of carbon, and the large surface area of the porous polyhedral structure resulted in porous carbon polyhedra with excellent ORR and OER electrocatalytic activity in alkaline media. More importantly, air cathodes based on the optimal porous carbon polyhedra further exhibited superior performance to Pt/C catalysts in primary and rechargeable zinc-air batteries.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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