Interface evolution in the platelet-like SiC@C and SiC@SiO2 monocrystal nanocapsules
silicon carbide, silicon oxide, nanocapsule, monocrystal, photocatalyst
ABSTRACT Carbon-coated SiC@C nanocapsules (NCs) with a hexagonal platelet-like morphology were fabricated by a simple direct current (DC) arc-discharge plasma method. The SiC@C NCs were monocrystalline, 120–150 nm in size, and approximately 50 nm thick. The formation of the as-prepared SiC@C NCs included nucleation of truncated octahedral SiC seeds and subsequent anisotropic growth of the seeds into hexagonal nanoplatelets in a carbon-rich atmosphere. The disordered carbon layers on the SiC@C NCs were converted into SiO2 shells of SiC@SiO2 NCs by heat treatment at 650 °C in air, during which the shape and inherent characteristics of the crystalline SiC core were obtained. The interface evolution from carbon to SiO2 shells endowed the SiC@SiO2 NCs with enhanced photocatalytic activity due to the hydrophilic and transparent nature of the SiO2 shell, as well as to the photosensitive SiC nanocrystals. The band gap of the nanostructured SiC core was determined to be 2.70 eV. The SiC@SiO2 NCs degraded approximately 95% of methylene blue in 160 min under visible light irradiation.
Tsinghua University Press
Jian Gao,Jieyi Yu,Lei Zhou,Javid Muhammad,Xinglong Dong,Yinong Wang,Hongtao Yu,Xie Quan,Shaojie Li,Youngguan Jung, Interface evolution in the platelet-like SiC@C and SiC@SiO2 monocrystal nanocapsules. NanoRes.2017, 10(8): 2644–2656