Synthesis of large-scale atomic-layer SnS2 through chemical vapor deposition
metal dichalcogenides, tin disulfide, two-dimensional materials, chemical vapor deposition, photodetector
ABSTRACT Two-dimensional layers of metal dichalcogenides have attracted much attention because of their ultrathin thickness and potential applications in electronics and optoelectronics. Monolayer SnS2, with a band gap of ~2.6 eV, has an octahedral lattice made of two atomic layers of sulfur and one atomic layer of tin. Till date, there have been limited reports on the growth of large-scale and high quality SnS2 atomic layers and the investigation of their properties as a semiconductor. Here, we report the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) growth of atomic-layer SnS2 with a large crystal size and uniformity. In addition, the number of layers can be changed from a monolayer to few layers and to bulk by changing the growth time. Scanning transmission electron microscopy was used to analyze the atomic structure and demonstrate the 2H stacking poly-type of different layers. The resultant SnS2 crystals is used as a photodetector with external quantum efficiency as high as 150%, suggesting promise for optoelectronic applications.
Tsinghua University Press
Gonglan Ye,Yongji Gong,Sidong Lei,Yongmin He,Bo Li,Xiang Zhang,Zehua Jin,Liangliang Dong,Jun Lou,Robert Vajtai,Wu Zhou,Pulickel M. Ajayan, Synthesis of large-scale atomic-layer SnS2 through chemical vapor deposition. NanoRes.2017, 10(7): 2386–2394