Nano Research

Article Title

Atomic origin of the traps in memristive interface


memristance, interface, trap state, first principle calculation


ABSTRACT In recent years, trap-related interfacial transport phenomena have received great attention owing to their potential applications in resistive switching devices and photo detectors. Not long ago, one new type of memristive interface that is composed of F-doped SnO2 and Bi2S3 nano-network layers has demonstrated a bivariate-continuous-tunable resistance with a swift response comparable to the one in neuron synapses and with a brain-like memorizing capability. However, the resistive mechanism is still not clearly understood because of lack of evidence, and the limited improvement in the development of the interfacial device. By combining I–V characterization, electron energy-loss spectroscopy, and firstprinciple calculation, we studied in detail the macro/micro features of the memristive interface using experimental and theoretical methods, and confirmed that its atomic origin is attributed to the traps induced by O-doping. This implies that impurity-doping might be an effective strategy for improving switching features and building new interfacial memristors.

Graphical Abstract


Tsinghua University Press