High activity of hot electrons from bulk 3D graphene materials for efficient photocatalytic hydrogen production
graphene, hot electron, hydrogen production, water splitting, TiO2
ABSTRACT Design and synthesis of efficient photocatalysts for hydrogen production via water splitting are of great importance from both theoretical and practical viewpoints. Many metal-based semiconductors have been explored for this purpose in recent decades. Here, for the first time, an entirely carbon-based material, bulk three-dimensionally cross-linked graphene (3DG), has been developed as a photocatalyst for hydrogen production. It exhibits a remarkable hydrogen production rate of 270 μmol·h−1·g−1 cat under full-spectrum light via a hot/free electron emission mechanism. Furthermore, when combined with the widely used semiconductor TiO2 to form a TiO2/3DG composite, it appears to become a more efficient hydrogen production photocatalyst. The composite achieves a production rate of 1,205 μmol·h−1·g−1 cat under ultraviolet–visible (UV–vis) light and a 7.2% apparent quantum efficiency at 350 nm due to the strong synergetic effects between TiO2 and 3DG.
Tsinghua University Press
Yanhong Lu,Bo Ma,Yang Yang,Erwei Huang,Zhen Ge,Tengfei Zhang,Suling Zhang,Landong Li,Naijia Guan,Yanfeng Ma,Yongsheng Chen, High activity of hot electrons from bulk 3D graphene materials for efficient photocatalytic hydrogen production. NanoRes.2017, 10(5): 1662–1672