Controlled growth and photoconductive properties of hexagonal SnS2 nanoflakes with mesa-shaped atomic steps
tin disulfide, metal dichalcogenides, two-dimensional materials, atomic steps, photoconductivity and light-sensing
ABSTRACT We demonstrated the controlled growth of two-dimensional (2D) hexagonal tin disulfide (SnS2) nanoflakes with stacked monolayer atomic steps. The morphology was similar to flat-topped and step-sided mesa plateaus or step pyramids. The SnS2 nanoflakes were grown on mica substrates via an atmospheric-pressure chemical vapor deposition process using tin monosulfide and sulfur powder as precursors. Atomic force microscopy (AFM), electron microscopy, and Raman characterizations were performed to investigate the structural features, and a sequential layer-wise epitaxial growth mechanism was revealed. In addition, systematic Raman characterizations were performed on individual SnS2 nanoflakes with a wide range of thicknesses (1–100 nm), indicating that the A1g peak intensity and Raman shifts were closely related to the thickness of the SnS2 nanoflakes. Moreover, photoconductive AFM was performed on the monolayer-stepped SnS2 nanoflakes, revealing that the flat surface and the edges of the SnS2 atomic steps had different electrical conductive properties and photoconductive behaviors. This is ascribed to the dangling bonds and defects at the atomic step edges, which caused a height difference of the Schottky barriers formed at the interfaces between the PtIr-coated AFM tip and the step edges or the flat surface of the SnS2 nanoflakes. The 2D SnS2 crystals with regular monolayer atomic steps and fast photoresponsivity are promising for novel applications in photodetectors and integrated optoelectronic circuits.
Tsinghua University Press
Yi Hu,Tao Chen,Xiaoqi Wang,Lianbo Ma,Renpeng Chen,Hongfei Zhu,Xin Yuan,Changzeng Yan,Guoyin Zhu,Hongling Lv,Jia Liang,Zhong Jin,Jie Liu, Controlled growth and photoconductive properties of hexagonal SnS2 nanoflakes with mesa-shaped atomic steps. NanoRes.2017, 10(4): 1434–1447