Nano Research

Article Title

Microwave-assisted synthesis of ultrafine Au nanoparticles immobilized on MOF-199 in high loading as efficient catalysts for a three-component coupling reaction


MOF-199, ultrafine Au NPs, high loading, microwave irradiation, A3-coupling


ABSTRACT Controlled integration of ultrafine metal nanoparticles (MNPs) and metal– organic frameworks (MOFs) has drawn much attention due to their unique physical and chemical properties. However, the development of a one-step strategy for preparing ultrafine MNPs within MOFs still remains a great challenge. Herein, a facile synthetic approach toward the abovementioned composites was developed. In contrast to the conventional approach, these hybrids were prepared by the direct mixing of metal and MOF precursors in the reaction solution assisted by microwave irradiation. Impressively, the Au/MOF-199 composite with uniformly distributed ultrafine Au nanoparticles could be fabricated in only two minutes, and the Au loading could be increased up to a level of 5.13%. The multifunctional Au/MOF-199 catalysts exhibited high turnover numbers (TONs) and turnover frequencies (TOFs) in the three-component coupling reaction of formaldehyde, phenylacetylene, and piperidine (A3-coupling). Owing to the confinement effect of MOF-199, the 5.13%Au/MOF-199 catalyst could be recycled for five runs without serious loss of activity, with no obvious aggregation of Au NPs detected.

Graphical Abstract


Tsinghua University Press