Quaternary pyrite-structured nickel/cobalt phosphosulfide nanowires on carbon cloth as efficient and robust electrodes for water electrolysis
water electrolysis, pyrite, heterogeneous catalysis, nanowire
ABSTRACT The strategy of element substitution is an effective way to tune the electronic structures of the active sites in catalysts, thereby leading to improvements in both the catalytic activity and stability. Herein, we design and synthesize pyrite-type nickel/phosphorus co-doped CoS2 nanowires on carbon cloth (NiCoPS/CC) as efficient and durable electrodes for water electrolysis. Introduction of nickel and phosphorus produced stepwise and superb enhancement of the performance of the electrodes in the hydrogen evolution reaction due to regulation of the electronic structures of the active sites of the catalyst and accelerated charge transfer over a wide pH range (0−14). The NiCoPS/CC electrodes also delivered a nearly undecayed catalytic current density of 10 mA·cm−2 at a low overpotential of 230 mV for oxygen evolution due to in situ formation of surficial Ni–Co oxo/hydroxide in 1.0 M KOH. Thus, the NiCoPS/CC electrodes gave rise to a catalytic current density of 10 mA·cm−2 for overall water splitting at potentials as low as 1.54 V during operation over 100 h in 1.0 M KOH with a Faradic efficiency of ~100%.
Tsinghua University Press
Jiayuan Li,Zhaoming Xia,Xuemei Zhou,Yuanbin Qin,Yuanyuan Ma,Yongquan Qu, Quaternary pyrite-structured nickel/cobalt phosphosulfide nanowires on carbon cloth as efficient and robust electrodes for water electrolysis. NanoRes.2017, 10(3): 814–825