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Nano Research

Article Title

Anisotropic optical and electronic properties of two-dimensional layered germanium sulfide

Keywords

germanium sulfide, anisotropic optical property, 2D layered materials, photoluminescence, polarized optical spectroscopy

Abstract

ABSTRACT Two-dimensional (2D) layered materials, transition-metal dichalcogenides, and black phosphorus have attracted considerable interest from the viewpoints of fundamental physics and device applications. The establishment of new functionalities in anisotropic layered 2D materials is a challenging but rewarding frontier, owing to the remarkable optical properties of these materials and their prospects for new devices. Herein, we report the anisotropic and thicknessdependent optical properties of a 2D layered monochalcogenide of germanium sulfide (GeS). Three Raman-scattering peaks corresponding to the B3g, A1 g , and A2 g modes with a strong polarization dependence are demonstrated in the GeS flakes, which validates polarized Raman spectroscopy as an effective method for identifying the crystal orientation of anisotropic layered GeS. Photoluminescence (PL) is observed with a peak at ~1.66 eV that originates from the direct optical transition in GeS at room temperature. The polarization-dependent characteristics of the PL, which are revealed for the first time, along with the demonstration of anisotropic absorption, indicate an obvious anisotropic optical transition near the band edge of GeS, which is supported by density functional theory calculations. The significantly thickness-dependent PL is observed and discussed. This anisotropic layered GeS presents opportunities for the discovery of new physical phenomena and will find applications that exploit its anisotropic properties, such as polarization-sensitive photodetectors.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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