Nano Research

Article Title

Hierarchical MoS2 intercalated clay hybrid nanosheets with enhanced catalytic activity


pillared montmorillonite, MoS2, hybrid nanosheets, hydrothermal synthesis, heterogeneous catalysis


ABSTRACT Emerging hierarchical MoS2/pillared-montmorillonite (MoS2/PMMT) hybrid nanosheets were successfully prepared through facile in-situ hydrothermal synthesis of MoS2 within the interlayer of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide PMMT, and their catalytic performance was evaluated by the reduction reaction of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) using NaBH4 as a reductant. Microstructure and morphology characterization indicated that MoS2/PMMT exhibited hybrid-stacked layered structures with an interlayer spacing of 1.29 nm, and the MoS2 nanosheets were intercalated within the montmorillonite (MMT) layers, with most of the edges exposed to the outside. The catalytic activity and stability of MoS2/PMMT were both enhanced by the MMT. With the MoS2/PMMT as the catalyst, the apparent reaction rate constant of the 4-NP reduction was 0.723 min−1 and was maintained at ~0.679 min−1 after five reaction cycles. The structural evolution of MoS2/PMMT and the possible catalysis mechanism for the reduction reaction of 4-NP were investigated. The as-prepared MoS2/PMMT hybrid nanosheets are promising candidates for catalytic application in the water-treatment and biomedical fields. The strategy developed in this study can provide insights for designing hybrid nanosheets with diverse heterogeneous two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials.

Graphical Abstract


Tsinghua University Press