General synthesis of high-performing magneto-conjugated polymer core–shell nanoparticles for multifunctional theranostics
iron oxide, polypyrrole, photothermal, magnetic, hyperthermal, poly(3, 4- ethylenedioxythiophene): poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS)
ABSTRACT Recently, increasing attention has been paid to magneto-conjugated polymer core–shell nanoparticles (NPs) as theranostic platforms. However, the utilization of surfactants and extra oxidizing agents with potential toxicity in synthesis, the lack of general methods for the controlled synthesis of various kinds of magnetic NP (MNP)@conjugated polymer NPs, and the difficulty of obtaining balanced magneto-optical properties have greatly limited the applications of magneto-conjugated polymers in theranostics. We developed an in situ surface polymerization method free of extra surfactants and oxidizing agents to synthesize MNP@polypyrrole (PPy) NPs with balanced, prominent magneto-optical properties. MNP@PPy NPs with an adjustable size, different shapes, and a controlled shell thickness were obtained using this method. The method was extended to synthesize other MNP-conjugated polymer core–shell NPs, such as MNP@polyaniline and MNP@poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(4- styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS). We discuss the formation mechanism of the proposed method according to our experimental results. Finally, using the optical and magnetic properties of the obtained MNP@PEDOT:PSS NPs, in vivo multimodal imaging-guided hyperthermia was induced in mice, achieving an excellent tumor-ablation therapeutic effect. Our work is beneficial for extending the application of MNP-conjugated polymer core–shell NPs in the biomedical field.
Tsinghua University Press
Hao Yan,Lingyun Zhao,Wenting Shang,Zhongqun Liu,Wensheng Xie,Cai Qiang,Zhiyuan Xiong,Ranran Zhang,Baohua Li,Xiaodan Sun,Feiyu Kang, General synthesis of high-performing magneto-conjugated polymer core–shell nanoparticles for multifunctional theranostics. NanoRes.2017, 10(2): 704–717