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Nano Research

Article Title

Methylammonium cation deficient surface for enhanced binding stability at TiO2/CH3NH3PbI3 interface

Keywords

perovskite, interfacial atomic structure, scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), first-principles calculations

Abstract

ABSTRACT Heterojunction interfaces in perovskite solar cells play an important role in enhancing their photoelectric properties and stability. Till date, the precise lattice arrangement at TiO2/CH3NH3PbI3 heterojunction interfaces has not been investigated clearly. Here, we examined a TiO2/CH3NH3PbI3 interface and found that a heavy atomic layer exists in such interfaces, which is attributed to the vacancies of methylammonium (MA) cation groups. Further, first-principles calculation results suggested that an MA cation-deficient surface structure is beneficial for a strong heterogeneous binding between TiO2 and CH3NH3PbI3 to enhance the interface stability. Our research is helpful for further understanding the detailed interface atom arrangements and provides references for interfacial modification in perovskite solar cells.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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