Nano Research

Article Title

Hyaluronidase-triggered anticancer drug and siRNA delivery from cascaded targeting nanoparticles for drug-resistant breast cancer therapy


drug-resistant breast cancer, siRNA, breast tumor cell-penetrating peptide, hyaluronic acid, rattle mesoporous silica


ABSTRACT Drug resistance renders standard chemotherapy ineffective in the treatment of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF)-overexpressing breast cancer. By co-embedding the breast tumor cell-penetrating peptide (PEGA-pVEC) and hyaluronic acid (HA) as a targeting media, novel cascaded targeting nanoparticles (HACT NPs) were created on a rattle mesoporous silica (rmSiO2) scaffold for the pinpoint delivery of siRNAs along with an anticancer drug, aiming at overcoming the drug resistance of CTGF-overexpressing breast cancer in vivo. The targeting nanoparticles selectively accumulated in the vasculature under the guidance of the PEGA-pVEC peptide, cascaded by receptor-mediated endocytosis with the aid of another targeting agent, HA, presenting a greater in vivo tumor targeting ability than single targeting ligand vectors. In addition, an HA shell prevented the leakage of therapeutic drugs during the cargo transport process, until the hyaluronidase (HAase)-triggered degradation upon lysosomes entering, guaranteeing a controllable drug release inside the target cells. When the protective shell disintegrates, the released siRNA took charge to silence the gene associated with drug resistance, CTGF, thus facilitating doxorubicin-induced apoptosis. The cascaded targeting media (PEGA-pVEC and HA) advances precision-guided therapy in vivo, while the encapsulation of siRNAs into a chemotherapy drug delivery system provides an efficient strategy for the treatment of drug resistance cancers.

Graphical Abstract


Tsinghua University Press