Phosphorus and phosphide nanomaterials for sodium-ion batteries
sodium-ion batteries, anodes, nanostructure, phosphorus, phosphides
ABSTRACT Sodium-ion batteries have received remarkable attention as next-generation high-performance electrochemical energy storage devices because of their cost effectiveness and the broad geographical distribution of sodium. As a critical component of sodium-ion batteries, anode materials, especially nanostructured anodes, have a significant effect on the electrochemical performance of sodium-ion batteries. Recent research indicates that phosphorus and metal phosphides show great promise as anode candidates for sodium-ion batteries because of their low cost and relatively high theoretical gravimetric and volumetric specific capacities. In this review, we systematically summarize recent research progress on state-of-the-art nanostructured phosphorus and phosphides, including the synthetic strategies, Na-storage mechanisms, and the relationship between the nanostructure and electrochemical performance. Moreover, we present an overview of future challenges and opportunities based on current developments.
Tsinghua University Press
Qingbing Xia,Weijie Li,Zongcheng Miao,Shulei Chou,Huakun Liu, Phosphorus and phosphide nanomaterials for sodium-ion batteries. NanoRes.2017, 10(12): 4055–4081