Nano Research

Article Title

MgTiO3/MgTi2O5/TiO2 heterogeneous belt-junctions with high photocatalytic hydrogen production activity


MgTiO3/MgTi2O5/TiO2, heterogeneous belt-junctions, photocatalytic hydrogen production


ABSTRACT An effective photocatalytic hydrogen production catalyst comprising MgTiO3/ MgTi2O5/TiO2 heterogeneous belt-junctions was prepared using magnesium ions by a thermally driven doping method. The tri-phase heterogeneous junction was confirmed by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and high-resolution TEM (HRTEM). The as-prepared MgTiO3/MgTi2O5/ TiO2 heterojunctions exhibited a very high photocatalytic hydrogen production activity (356.1 mol·g0.1gcat·h−1) and an apparent quantum efficiency (50.69% at 365 nm) that is about twice of that of bare TiO2 nanobelts (189.4 mol·g0.1gcat·h−1). Linear sweep voltage and transient photocurrent characterization as well as analysis of the electrochemical impedance spectra and Mott–Schottky plots revealed that the high photocatalytic performance is caused by the one-dimensional structure, which imparts excellent charge transportation characteristic, and the MgTiO3/MgTi2O5/TiO2 tri-phase heterojunction, which effectively drives the charge separation through the inherent electric field. This titanate-based tri-phase heterogeneous junction photocatalyst further enriches the catalyst system for photocatalytic hydrogen production.

Graphical Abstract


Tsinghua University Press