Energy harvesting for self-powered nanosystems
Nanogenerator, self-powered nanosystem, energy harvesting
In this article, an introduction is presented about the energy harvesting technologies that have potential for powering nanosystems. Our discussion mainly focuses on the approaches other than the well-known solar cell and thermoelectrics. We mainly introduce the piezoelectric nanogenerators developed using aligned ZnO nanowire arrays. This is a potential technology for converting mechanical movement energy (such as body movement, muscle stretching, blood pressure), vibration energy (such as acoustic/ultrasonic wave), and hydraulic energy (such as fl ow of body fl uid, blood fl ow, contraction of blood vessel, dynamic fl uid in nature) into electric energy for self-powered nanosystems.
Tsinghua University Press
Zhong Lin Wang, Energy harvesting for self-powered nanosystems. NanoRes.2008, 1: 1-8