Journal of Neurorestoratology

Article Title

Progress in facial reinnervation


facial reinnervation, hypoglossal nerve, masseteric nerve, cross-facial nerve graft


Facial nerve injury often results in facial paralysis, which seriously affects the patients both aesthetically and functionally. Facial nerve reinnervation methods, including direct anastomosis, nerve graft, nerve transposition, cross-facial nerve graft, and combined surgeries, have recently become a hot topic with many new procedures being explored. This study summarizes the relevant literatures and discusses the scope of application, advantages, and disadvantages of the different methods. The treatment options or combined surgeries for facial nerve reinnervation should be individualized for specific patients to achieve the best reanimation outcome with good static symmetry, facial tone, and spontaneous, natural, symmetrical, and strong facial movements.

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