split cord malformation, tethered cord syndrome, neural tube defect, diagnosis, surgery, consensus
Split cord malformation (SCM) is a neural tube defect that the spinal cord is longitudinally separated into two hemicords with individual functions, which causes severe spinal cord impairment and sensorimotor deficit. As a kind of myelodysplasia and a special type of tethered cord syndrome, SCM is not widely understood, and common issues in the diagnosis and treatment of SCM should be clarified. In this paper, the Chinese Split Cord Malformation Working Group made a consensus for SCM on embryopathogenesis and types, clinical presentations, neuroimaging assessment, indications and principle of the surgery, surgical techniques and nuances, and prognosis and follow up.
Tsinghua University Press
Bo Xiu, Fuyun Liu, Aijia Shang et al. Chinese expert consensus on diagnosis and management of split cord malformation. Journal of Neurorestoratology 2020, 8(2): 83-92.