Journal of Advanced Ceramics


Ti3SiC2, short-carbon-fibers (Csf), spark plasma sintering (SPS), microstructure, mechanical properties


Short-carbon-fibers (Csf) reinforced Ti3SiC2 matrix composites (Csf/Ti3SiC2, the Csf content was 0 vol%, 2 vol%, 5 vol%, and 10 vol%) were fabricated by spark plasma sintering (SPS) using Ti3SiC2 powders and Csf as starting materials at 1300 ℃. The effects of Csf addition on the phase compositions, microstructures, and mechanical properties (including hardness, flexural strength (σf), and KIC) of Csf/Ti3SiC2 composites were investigated. The Csf, with bi-layered transition layers, i.e., TiC and SiC layers, were homogeneously distributed in the as-prepared Csf/Ti3SiC2 composites. With the increase of Csf content, the KIC of Csf/Ti3SiC2 composites increased, but the σf decreased, and the Vickers hardness decreased initially and then increased steadily when the Csf content was higher than 2 vol%. These changed performances (hardness, σf, and KIC) could be attributed to the introduction of Csf and the formation of stronger interfacial phases.


Tsinghua University Press