Journal of Advanced Ceramics


carbon fibers, microstructural evolution, hot pressing, thermal shock resistance, oxidation resistance


ZrB2–SiC/ZrSi2 ceramics containing 30 vol% carbon fiber (Cf) additive were fabricated by hot pressing at low temperature (1500 ℃) using submicron ZrB2 powders, and their microstructural evolution and performance were investigated. The addition of SiC or ZrSi2 significantly reduced the onset sintering temperature and enhanced the densification of ZrB2. ZrB2–ZrSi2–Cf showed poor performance owing to the serious fiber degradation, while the fiber degradation was effectively inhibited in ZrB2–SiC–Cf resulting in high fracture toughness, substantial fiber pull-out, and non-brittle fracture mode for such material. The critical thermal shock temperature difference of ZrB2–SiC–Cf was up to 741 ℃, significantly higher than those of ZrB2–SiC/ZrSi2 and ZrB2–ZrSi2–Cf. Moreover, this composite displayed a good oxidation resistance at 1500 ℃ in air.


Tsinghua University Press