silica aerogel, temperature dependence, nanoporous framework evolution, pore properties
In this paper, temperature dependence of nanoporous framework evolution process and variety of pore properties (pore volume, specific surface area (BET), and pore size) of SiO2 aerogels were characterized by FTIR, XPS, XRD, SEM, TEM, BET, BJH, etc. Results show that SiO2 aerogels treated at different temperatures all possess amorphous structure. With the increase of treated temperatures, BET values of SiO2 aerogels increase initially and then decrease, and it reaches the maximum value of 882.81 m2/g when treated at 600 ℃ for 2 h due to the addition of the nanopores and shrinkage skeleton of SiO2 aerogels. Higher temperatures may result in a framework transformation and particle growth; both factors could reduce the BET values of the aerogels. Nanoporous skeleton of SiO2 aerogels at room temperatures is composed of tetrahedron with a pore size of about 22.28 nm. Higher treated temperatures result in an increase of octahedron amount in nanoporous framework and a decrease of pore size. When treated at 1000 ℃, an approximate dense SiO2 bulk via the framework collapse and particle growth is obtained. These varieties are derived from the formed extra bonds of Si–O–Si, higher local stress, and liquid phase between particles during heat treatment process.
Tsinghua University Press
Jin-jun LIAO, Peng-zhao GAO, Lin XU et al. A study of morphological properties of SiO2 aerogels obtained at different temperatures. Journal of Advanced Ceramics 2018, 07(04): 307-316.