Journal of Advanced Ceramics


lead-free piezoelectric ceramics, potassium–sodium niobate (KNN), solid-state sintering, multi-phase, electrical properties


(1–x)K0.48Na0.56NbO3–xBi0.5Li0.5ZrO3 (KNN–xBLZ, x = 0–0.06) lead-free piezoelectric ceramics were prepared by the conventional solid-state sintering method, and their phase structures and electric properties as well as TC were systematically investigated. The orthorhombic–tetragonal (O–T) two phases were detected in all (1–x)K0.48Na0.56NbO3–xBi0.5Li0.5ZrO3 ceramics at 0.01 ≤ x ≤ 0.05. Due to the appropriate ratio between O phase and T phase (CO/CT = 45/55), high piezoelectric properties of d33 = 239 pC/N, kp = 34%, and Pr = 25.23 μC/cm2 were obtained at x = 0.04. Moreover, a high TC = 348 ℃ was also achieved in KNN–xBLZ ceramic at x = 0.04. These results indicate that (1–x)K0.48Na0.56NbO3–xBi0.5Li0.5ZrO3 system is a promising candidate for high-temperature piezoelectric devices.


Tsinghua University Press